Appendix organic chemistry

Nomenclature of Organic Compound:

    To Study of Organic Chemistry First, we need to know the names of Organic Compound. In this page I can be dealing with the name of an organic compound, the systematic method of nomenclature and the IUPAC.

Naming unsaturated hydrocarbons:

    1. One method of nomenclature is to name of the olefin from the corresponding alkane by changing the suffix one of the latter into ylene.
    Methylene from Methane, Ethylene from Ethane, Propylene From Propane, etc. Isomer differs only in the position of the double bond are prefixed by Greek letter or number which indicates the position of the double bond.
    CH₂ = CH₂ Ethylene
      CH₃CH₂CH = CH₂ 1-butylene or α-butylene
    2. Another method of nomenclature is to consider ethylene as the parent substance and higher member is derivatives of ethylene.
    If the compound is mono-substituted then no difficulty arises in naming but the compound is a disubstituted derivative of ethylene isomerism is possible.
    Since the alkyl groups are of attached same or different carbon atoms. When the groups are attache to the same carbon atom of the olefins named as the asymmetrical compound.

    When the groups are attache to the different carbon atom of the olefins named as the symmetrical compound.
    CH2 - CH = CH2 methyl ethylene
    CH3 - CH2 - CH = CH2 ethyl ethylene
    CH3C(CH₃) = CH2 as - dimethyl ethylene
    CH3 - CH2 = CH - CH3 s - dimethyl ethylene
    3. In IUPAC System also we can be named the organic compound. According to IUPAC system of nomenclature, the class of suffix of the olefin is - ene and so the series becomes alkene series. 
    CH2 - CH = CH2 prop - 1 - ene
    CH3 - CH2 - CH = CH2 but - 1 - ene
    CH3C(CH3) = CH2 2 - methylprop - 1 - ene
    CH3 - CH2 =CH - CH3 but - 2 - ene

Nomenclature of Organic Compound, Naming unsaturated hydrocarbons

[Chemical kinetics] [column1]

Contact Form

Name

Email *

Message *

Theme images by Jason Morrow. Powered by Blogger.