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What is biochemistry?

Biochemistry or biological chemistry is the study of the chemical functions of living organisms such as plants, animals, and microorganisms. In biochemistry courses, we provide different topics related to biochemistry which help chemistry and biology students in their exams.

Recombinant DNA technology (rDNA) technology examples, steps, process, and transgenic animals with applications in medicine, food industry, agriculture, and enviourment

Recombinant DNA Technology

What is Recombinant DNA Technology? Recombinant DNA technology (rDNA technology) is a process that is used for producing artificial DNA through the combination of different...
Nucleotide of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid), nucleotides structure, sequence, and synthesis


What is Nucleotide? A nucleotide that contains a nitrogenous base, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate group in its structure is the basic building block...
Nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) structure, sequence, discovery, and functions of nucleic acid

Nucleic Acids

What are Nucleic Acids? Nucleic acids are biopolymers, macromolecules that carry genetic information and participate in protein synthesis. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are...
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) double helix structure, discovery, types, replication and technology used in medicine, agriculture, and forensics

Deoxyribonucleic Acid

What is DNA? Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the polymer of deoxyribonucleotides which is found in most animals, plants, and some viruses. Deoxyribonucleic acid carries genetic...
Collagen protein structure, different types and functions of collagen with production and benefits for heart, skin, hair, bones and uses in wound healing

Collagen Protein

What is Collagen Protein? Collagen is the most abundant protein in mammals that forms approximately one-third of the total body protein. Collagen is a type...
Carbohydrates saccharides carbs uses, benefits, types, nutrition sources


What are Carbohydrates? Carbohydrates also called saccharides or carbs are the most abundant organic compounds in nature that provide energy for our bodies. Carbohydrates primarily...
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP and NADPH) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD and NADH) structure and definition

Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate

What is nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate? Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) is a coenzyme formed by the addition of phosphate group in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide...
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NAD and NADH structure, definition, uses in metabolism and oxidized and reduced forms or supplements

Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide

What is nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide? Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme or electron carrier involved in the metabolism of all living cells. We used...
Nitrogen fixation definition, process and examples of natural or biological nitrogen fixing bacteria in plants

Nitrogen Fixation

What is nitrogen fixation? Nitrogen fixation is the process which fixing atmospheric dinitrogen (N2) in soil by any industrial and natural or biological processes to...
Essential and trace chemical elements definition and examples of elements in biological science

Essential Element

What is an essential element? Essential element in biological science is the chemical elements that have biological functions to sustain the life of living organisms such as...