What is environmental pollution?

Pollution or environmental pollution is the contamination of air, water, and soil or land by solid, liquid, gaseous substances or any forms of energy like heat, sound, and radioactivity which adverse or harmful effects on human beings, animals, or plants in our environment. The substances or molecules which are responsible for water, air, land, or soil pollution of our environment are called pollutants. For scientific solutions, the harmful substance or molecule can be dispersed, diluted, decomposed, recycled, or stored in some harmless form.

Types of pollution

Air, water, and land pollution are the major kinds of environmental pollution in science (chemistry or biology) which negative effect on our environment or impacts human health and wildlife. In modern society, we used different types of substances or machinery that polluted our environment in the form of noise, light (electromagnetic spectrum radiation), and plastic pollution which affects living and non-living organisms of the earth’s environment. Environmental pollution caused by pollutants are types of substances or forms of energy which harmful effects on air, water, land, or soil in our earth

Sources of environmental pollution

Different types of polluted substances coming from different sources are responsible for different kinds of environmental pollution. These pollutants are classified as gaseous, liquid, solid, and weightless pollutants.

Gaseous Pollutants

In learning chemistry or environmental science, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone gas (O3), and hydrocarbon are the major kinds of harmful gaseous pollutants responsible for air and water pollution in the world. The pollutants, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide react with rainy water or moisture in presence of oxygen or ozone from sulfuric acid or nitric acid rain to increasing the pH scale of water or land.

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Liquid Pollutants

Water in nature today is never clean since water contains a different level of poisonous liquid pollutants or wastes (sewage wastes, industrial waste), facts for water pollution. These kinds of substances contain fecal matter, urine, washing, bacteria enter into the river to affect aquatic life and the self-purification system of water is disturbed.

Solid Pollutants

The solid pollutants include rubbish, ashes, dead animals, waste sludge, chemicals, paints, sand, pesticides, insecticides, manures, crop residue, etc. The solid pollutants are mainly two types namely biodegradable and non-biodegradable pollutants responsible for general types of environmental pollution.

Pollutants without weight

It defines by specific heat, radioactive decay, noise, or sound that comes from the thermal and nuclear power plant and noise generating machines are common examples of pollutants without weight. Nuclear or thermal power plants are used for energy generation in our daily life.

Causes of pollution

Air, water, soil, industrial, noise (sound), thermal, radioactive (radiation) are the common types of environmental pollution caused mainly by today’s quality level living. The air, water, and land in nature are never clean, it causes different kinds of pollutants, that impact human health, ocean life, or wildlife on our earth.

What is air pollution?

Air pollution in our environment meaning, pollutions caused by different kinds of poisonous gases (CO, NO, NO2, SO3, O3), unburnt hydrocarbon, and different types of harmful chemical elements come from different industries.

What is water pollution?

Water pollution of our environment comes from the insoluble solid particle, soluble salt solutions, sewage, garbage, and low-level radioactive materials, industrial waste, algae, bacteria, etc

Water Pollution causes effects, solid, soluble salts, sewage, garbage on groundwater or rivers, lakes, streams, oceans

Water Pollution

What are the causes of water pollution? Water pollution causes by the release of insoluble solid particles, soluble salts, sewage (waste water), garbage, low-level radioactive...
Soil pollution or contamination sources, prevention, and effects of acid rain or fertilizer on soil acidity

Soil Pollution

What is soil pollution? Soil pollution or soil contamination is a part of land degradation caused by acid rain, excess and wrong use of agricultural...

Industrial pollutants in water

The waste discharges from industry affect the biosphere like air, water, and land. The waste contains harmful chemical elements (Hg, Na, Cd, As, Pb, Ca, etc) and inorganic or organic compounds (acid, alkaline, alcohol, etc) are the most important pollutants which affect harmfully humans, green plants, and aquatic or marine life. These types of industrial waste threw into the water (lake or river), the water gets polluted.

Greenhouse gases, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and radioactive waste comes from the different types of factory or energy generation processes are part of industrial pollution. These types of substances are polluted our global environments such as air, water, and land.

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