Importance of environmental chemistry
Environmental chemistry is the branch of science which deals with the chemical changes in the environment.
Thus the major component in our environment is air, water, soil, and sunlight, which present in our surroundings.
But when we study broadly our environment contain mainly three main components which are
- Abiotic components
- Biotic components
- Energy components
Abiotic components of our environment
Any non-living component which used or present in our ecosystem is known as abiotic components.
Thus sunlight, oxygen, nitrogen, temperature, pH, and water is the non-living components present in our environment. These nonliving components present in the lithosphere or atmosphere.
Biotic components of environment
Biotic components are the living component in our environment. Thus plants, animals including man are the abiotic components present in our environment.
Energy components of the environment
Energy components are globally leading end-to-end hydrocarbon production data management and accounting software, tracking hydrocarbons for production and transport to sales for revenue generation.
These include solar energy, geochemical, thermochemical, hydroelectric and nuclear energy.
Origin and evolution of life
Evolution of life on earth timeline 3 billion years ago after changes in our environment. In 1953 Miller and Urey showed that lighting discharges through a mixture of methane, water and ammonia, and hydrogen. It produces a significant amount of amino acids essential product of the life cycle.
Abelson and other latter showed that solar ultraviolet ration radiation acts on carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and a small amount of hydrogen cyanide.
Glycine, adenine, and other biological significant product formed by the reaction of hydrogen cyanide and other biological components.
These compounds undergo a series of chemical complex evaluations over millions of years to produce living organisms.
Photosynthesis organisms appeared approximately 2.5 billion years ago in the atmosphere. Becomes gradually reach become dioxygen and sustain the aerobic of life. The diverse biological process of today has largely developed with this form of life.
Ecosystem diversity definition environmental science
The coexistence animal, plants and microorganisms or biotic component living organisms and abiotic component non-living material or factors which may be inorganic carbon dioxide, nitrogen, sulfur phosphorus or organic protein and carbohydrates and climate factors like temperature and humidity are called an ecosystem.
- An ecosystem is the coexistence of the population of all species of living, nonliving components live together in a particular area.
- An ecosystem is the living organism’s presence in his physical environment.
- Ecosystems are commonly different types and size namely marine, aquatic, or terrestrial. The marine ecosystem is present in sea and ocean to connect living organisms in the sea and non-living organisms in a seawater environment.
- The law of conservation of energy follows in every ecosystem by conservation of matter into energy and energy into matter.
Chemicals that are harmful to the environment
The main aim of the environmental chemistry studies the course of environmental pollution and remedial measure necessity to free it from this environmental pollution.
A pollutant is a substance, chemical or factor which has the potential to adversely affect the natural characteristic of environmental, natural resources and assets.
To save our environment from this pollution we need to recycle household wastage, which included sewage and garbage, much toxic industrial wastage.
The concept of green chemistry was introduced in 1990 for protecting our environment from toxic elements used in or daily life.
The production of substances of daily use by chemical reactions neither employ toxic chemicals nor release toxic elements in the atmosphere.
The effort has been made by use chemicals from various chemical reactions. In the presence of ultraviolet light, sound waves, microwaves, and enzymes harmful to our environment.